What is compost?

Compost is made out of organic material such as vegetable residues, kitchen waste, woody residues and manure which is broken down by microscopic organisms. The composting process is a natural process also occurring in forests where fallen leaves and dead plants are transformed into dark brown forest soil.

Time required to digest organic material depends on the volume, composition and particle size (small wood chips break down faster than branches), and aeration of the compost pile. Good compost is dark brown and smells like forest soil; it contains plant nutrients and a high level of stable organic matter that gradually becomes available after application.